Friday, May 31, 2013
Thursday, May 30, 2013
Wednesday, May 29, 2013
Equipment: Pencil, paper, timer, and leisure categories
FOCUS AREA: Benefits of Leisure
Description: Break the group into 2 to 3 groups. Begin the game of Leisure Lists. This game is reminiscent of "Scattegories."
A topic will be named and participants are given one minute to list as many things as possible. After each round, chose a group to read their list first. If another team has the same item on their list, that item is crossed off on everyone's list. If no one else has the same item, then the team gets one point. After team one has finished reading their list, the next team(s) read their list. The team with the most listed items wins the round.
Give the groups one minute to make each list.
Following discussion, Complete the activity with feedback from participants on what choices they might make when feeling depressed, bored, etc. and tie it in with the benefits they listed earlier.
EXPECTED OUTCOME: Participants will better understand how engagement in preferred activities can positively affect their feelings, moods, and thoughts.
The 8 dimensions
Clear goals and immediate feedback
Equilibrium between the level of challenge and personal skill
Merging of action and awareness
Sense of potential control
Loss of self-consciousness
Autotelic or self-rewarding experience
Tuesday, May 28, 2013
Monday, May 27, 2013
Equipment: Chairs, or something to mark how many seats there are in the circle (one less than the number of participants).
Objective: Ice Breaker, energy burner, appropriate social interactions, keeping the topic appropriate, overcoming social anxiety/public speaking, communicating personal boundaries
Procedure: Arrange group into a large circle with one person in the middle. The person in the middle will prompt with the phrase Have you ever ? and then finish the phrase-- Example: Have you ever had a candy bar for breakfast?
Each person in the circle who has done what the person in the middle has said (ever had a candy bar for breakfast) will quickly exchange places with someone else that has also done it. (A person can’t trade places with the person immediately to their left or right). Whoever is left without a seat will finish the phrase the next
The game has no real end so you can play 2 or 20 times, it’s up to you!
-why are boundaries important?
-how do you decide when something is or is not appropriate to say or do?
-recognize your typical place in a group setting--are you comfortable with that or would you like to change that?
-what can you do to respect others’ personal space?
-why do we set boundaries?
-how can we communicate our boundaries?
-how do you feel safe in a group setting?
Variation: Give each participant a role to play (ie. Passive, argumentative, bring up a taboo topic, talking too loud, talking too soft, demanding, ect.) and have them play a few rounds in these “inappropriate” roles-process what it was like, and then play again, encouraging appropriate social boundaries.
Submitted by Jessica Hohenberger
Friday, May 24, 2013
Thursday, May 23, 2013
Partner patients up with a peer and have them sit back to back. One peer describes to the other peer how to draw the picture they are looking at. They may not tell the other person what the picture is. Have the other peer draw the picture then look at the real picture.
Wednesday, May 22, 2013
Equipment: papers, pens/pencils, chalkboard, small basket
Objective: To raise the awareness of leisure activities being effective as positive coping strategies.
Description: Pass out paper and pens and have each patient write down 2-3 leisure activities that they enjoy. Collect these papers in a basket and put aside.
Next, ask patients to brainstorm feelings or emotions they enjoy or like to feel (i.e. belonging, sense of adventure, love, happiness, sense of accomplishment, self- worth, etc.). List on chalkboard leaving space under each emotion.
After you have listed about 8 or so emotions/feelings... pull out the basket you have set aside. Pull out the papers and read each leisure activity and ask patients how it makes them feel (i.e. How does walking in the park make you feel? relaxed, peaceful). List the leisure activities on the board under the appropriate emotions/feelings.
Lastly, explain to patients that when we feel low or depressed we are able to get back in touch with these emotions/feelings that we like through the magic of leisure activities!!
Tuesday, May 21, 2013
Objective: 1. To enhance socialization skills. 2. To share memories with others.
Description: Cut different colored yarn into varying lengths. Tie yarn together end to end, alternating the colors. Roll the yarn into a ball. Sit in a circle. Decide who will go first and hand the person the ball of yarn. As the person begins telling a story, he or she slowly unravels the ball of yarn. When the color changes, it is time to pass the ball of yarn to the next person so he or she can take over telling the story. Keep passing the ball of yarn around as the colors change, until the ball of yarn is completely unraveled. The last person ends the story. For a variation, make up a rule to follow when the color changes. For example, each time the color changes you need to change the setting or introduce another character in your story.
Monday, May 20, 2013
Friday, May 17, 2013
Thursday, May 16, 2013
Wednesday, May 15, 2013
Tuesday, May 14, 2013
Group Size: 2-20
Equipment: Construction paper, pens, markers, colored pencils, glue, paint, etc.
Objective: Leisure education, teamwork, leisure skill development, increasing repertoire of leisure skills
1. Have patients brainstorm together about the benefits of recreation and leisure, and who can benefit from it
2. Break the group into smaller groups of 2-3 depending on the size of the group.
3. Have each group create a public service announcement exploring the benefits of recreation and leisure for THEM PERSONALLY It can be a print ad or a commercial.
4. Have the patients share their finished products with the entire group and have staff vote on the best public service announcement. If possible, give the winning team a prize (i.e. candy).
Monday, May 13, 2013
Newspaper or Magazines (LOTS!!)
Something heavy (i.e. textbook)
Tell patients that they need to build a bridge taht will hold the heavy object. The specifications for the bridge are that it needs to be at least 6 inches tall and 10 inches long.
The rec therapist can add variations as needed, for example:
-If a person is bossy, tell him he can't talk anymore
-Give a time limit to create tension
-Tell someone she has to say "banana" in between each word she says
Talk about the experience. What went well? What was frustrating? Consider the following questions:
-How do you react to stress? Is that healthy or unhealthy?
-How do you react to success? Failure?
-How do you treat people under pressure? Is there anything you need to change?
-How can you diffuse a stressful situation?
For a large group, you can also make it into a competition. Which team can build the tallest bridge that holds the book? The most aesthetically pleasing bridge? Etc.
Friday, May 10, 2013
Thursday, May 9, 2013
Distribute 10-15 candies to each member of the group. Have each member sort their candy by color with instructions NOT to eat them. Ask one member to pick a color and tell how many they have (i.e. two greens). Ask them to give two (or however many they have) responses to the following questions:
You can also review any handouts you have on the subject at the end, and tie the game into the daily theme/topic.
This game is also easy to adapt to a variety of themes including the domino effect, getting to know you, etc.
Wednesday, May 8, 2013
Give each person an index card and a pen. Instruct them to write down two truths and one lie about themselves on the card. (Not necessarily in that order!) I've found that by having the patients write down their three statements, they remember them better and it makes it harder to tell which one is the lie.
After everyone has written down their three statements, select one person to go first. This person reads his three statements and the group tries to guess which ones are true and which one is false. After the group guesses, have the person reveal whether or not the group was right. Then select another player to go, and continue doing so until everyone has had a chance to read their statements.
After everyone has finished, I like to lead a discussion about communication We talk about non-verbal communication, body language, tone of voice, eye contact, etc. and how that relates to how we communicate with one another. It also helps us get to know each other and feel more comfortable as a group.
Tuesday, May 7, 2013
Monday, May 6, 2013
Anger Management handout (if applicable)
Colored pencils, markers, crayons, etc.
Give each patient a blank piece of paper. Have them draw what anger looks like, feels like, etc. for them personally. Afterwards, have patients share their drawings with the group.
On the back of the paper, have patients draw or write the answer to the following questions: 1). How have I dealt with anger in the past and 2). How I want to deal with anger in the future.
Discuss the patients responses. Go over the anger management handout and talk about different coping skills patients can use to deal with anger.
Friday, May 3, 2013
Thursday, May 2, 2013
Any handouts you want to use about grief and loss (myths and facts, stages of grief, etc.)
Construction or white paper
Colored pencils or crayons
Magazines that can be cut up
Lead a discussion on grief and loss, incorporating the handouts
Have patients make a collage to honor a person/pet they have lost and shared with the group. Emphasize that the loss does not necessarily mean death, it could be that a friend moved away, a close relationship that isn't close anymore, etc.
-Why did you pick that person to honor?
-How have you dealt with that loss?
-What coping skills have you used? (Positive and/or negative)
-Discuss coping skills and strategies
-How does it feel to honor the person you have lost?
Wednesday, May 1, 2013
You Never Know What You’re Gonna get in a Box of Chocolates…
-Cut up about 20 small strips of paper
-Something for patients to write with
-Candy (preferably chocolate)
Talk about the different elements of communication (tone, verbal, no verbal, etc.). Discuss why it is important to communicate appropriately and clearly with others Discuss emotions in relation to communication and talk about how difficult it can be to assume someone else’s emotion at times.
Hand out strips of paper and writing utensils to patients and have them write down and discuss different emotions on the strips of paper. Have patients put strips of paper in a bag.
Show the patients the written statement, “You Never Know What You’re Gonna get in a Box of Chocolates…”
Instruct patients to, one at a time, pick an emotion from the bag and act out the emotion while saying, “You Never Know What You’re Gonna get in a Box of Chocolates…” Allow the other patients to try and guess the emotion; once the emotion is guessed, the person who guessed it correctly goes next This is similar to emotion charades. After everyone has had a few turns discuss the ease or difficulty with which the patients could act/guess the emotion that was picked from the bag. Talk about the importance of tone & body language in the absence of words.
Discuss how the difficulty of presenting/guessing the emotions relates to their current situation in treatment. How can they be more clear and appropriate in communicating their feelings? How can this benefit them in the hospital and how can this benefit them after discharge? Give the patients chocolate for participating and encourage them to make small goals to help them improve their communication skills.